Glossary of Common Shipping Terms
Charges for service beyond standard transportation pricing. Such fees would include special pickup or delivery on domestic shipments, and documentation and communication fees for international shipments.
Actual Gross Weight
The full weight of a shipment, including goods and packaging.
A bill of lading that covers both domestic and international flights transporting goods to a specified destination. This is non-negotiable and serves as a receipt for the shipper, indicating that the carrier has accepted the goods listed and obligating it to carry the consignment to the airport of destination according to specified conditions.
An advice that the carrier or forwarder sends to the consignee advising of goods coming forward for delivery. Pertinent information such as bill of lading number, container number and total charges due from consignee etc, are included and sent to consignee prior to vessel arrival. This is done gratuitously by the carrier or forwarder to ensure smooth delivery but there is no obligation by the carrier or the forwarder to do so. The responsibility to monitor the transit and present himself to take timely delivery still rests with the consignee.
B/L (Bill of Lading)
A document which acknowledges receipt of the goods and establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and transportation company. It signifies which freight is to be moved between specified points for a specified charge. As the most fundamental document in goods transportation, it serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage, and a receipt for goods. It is prepared by the shipper on forms issued by the carrier. It is a legal document.
Bill of Sale
This document is a confirmation of the transfer of ownership of certain goods to another person (i.e., in return for money paid or loaned).
A carrier licensed by U.S. Customs to carry Customs-controlled merchandise between Customs points. Old Dominion is a bonded carrier.
This facility is authorized by Customs authorities for storage or processing of goods. No Customs duties are incurred until the goods are removed.
An individual, partnership or corporation which arranges transportation service for client companies.
A vessel carrying dry, liquid, grain, not packaged, bundled or bottled cargo, and is loaded without marks and number or count.
C-TPAT (Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism)
A joint government and trade community initiative in developing, enhancing and maintaining effective security processes throughout the global supply chain.
A manifest that lists only cargoes, without freight and charges.
Any person or entity who, in a contract of carriage, undertakes to perform or to procure the performance of carriage by rail, road, sea, air, inland waterway, or by a combination of such modes.
Certificate of Origin
A document certifying in which country the goods were produced. Used in international commerce.
A pricing term indication that the cost of the goods and freight charges are included in the quoted price.
Container Freight Station. A carrier facility where Less Than Container load shipments are consolidated or unloaded.
A wheeled flat-bed constructed to accommodate containers moved over the road. Also termed as “Trailers”.
Cost, Insurance and Freight. A term of trading in which the buyer of the goods pay for the cost of the goods, the cost of transporting the goods from origin to the port of discharge or final destination and the insurance premium for a maritime insurance policy for the value of the order.
A demand for payment made upon a transportation line due to loss sustained through its alleged negligence.
A publication, such as The Uniform Freight Classification (railroad) or the National Motor Freight Classification (motor carrier), that assigns ratings to various articles and provides bill of lading descriptions and rules.
The designation provided in a classification by which a class rate is determined.
Clean Bill of Lading
A receipt for goods issued by a carrier with an indication that the goods were received in “apparent good order and condition” without damage or other irregularities.
Represents a complete record of the transaction between exporter and importer with regard to the goods sold. Also reports the content of the shipment and serves as the basis for all other documents concerning the shipment.
Article shipped. For dangerous and hazardous cargo, the correct commodity identification is crucial.
The person or company (named in the bill of lading) to whom commodities are shipped. The owner of the cargo.
Goods in transit under a bill of lading; the delivery of merchandise from an exporter (the consignor) to an agent (the consignee) under agreement that the agent sell the merchandise for the exporter
The person or company shown as the shipper on the bill of lading.
Cargo containing shipments of two or more shippers, usually shipped by a firm called a consolidator. The consolidator takes advantage of lower FCL rates, and savings are passed on to shippers.
The combination of many small shipments into one container.
A person or firm performing a consolidation service of small lots of cargoes for shippers.
A truck trailer body that can be detached from the chassis for loading into a vessel or a rail car or stacked in a container depot. Containers may be ventilated, insulated, refrigerated, flat rack, vehicle rack, open top, high cube, bulk liquid, or equipped with interior devices. A container may be 20 feet, 40 feet, 45 feet, 48 feet, or 53 feet in length; 8’0″ or 8’6″ in width; and 8’6″ or 9’6″ in height.
A measure of volume expressed in cubic feet.
The authorities designated to collect duties on imports and exports that are levied by a country (also applying to the procedures involved in such collection). They are responsible for ensuring that no illegal importation takes place.
A form requiring all data in a commercial invoice along with a certificate of value and/or a certificate of origin. Required in a few countries (usually former British territories) and usually serves as a seller’s commercial invoice.
The term used by I.M.C.O. for hazardous materials which are capable of posing a significant risk to health, safety or property while being transported.
A document authorizing delivery to a nominated party of cargoes in the care of a third party. The document is issued by a carrier or a forwarder on surrender of a bill of lading and then used by the merchant to transfer title by endorsement.
Detention of a freight vehicle or container beyond a stipulated time.
The place where the carrier or the forwarder actually turns over the cargo or container to consignee or his agent. It may also be termed “Final Destination”.
Destination Delivery Charge (DDC)
A charge assessed by the carrier for the handling of a full container at destinations. The term is more commonly used in the U.S.A. trade.
Charges raised by the carrier or the forwarder for detaining container/trailer at customer premises for a period longer than that provided in the Tariff of the carrier or the forwarder.
The removal of cargo from a container. Also known as unstuffing, unloading or stripping.
An amount added or deducted from base rate to make a rate to or from some other point or via another route.
Dim Weight (Dimensional Weight or Volume Weight)
Freight charges calculated by the cubic dimension (total cubic inches). This measurement, along with the weight of the pieces shipped, is typically used by airfreight carriers to determine their freight charges.
Through transportation of a container and its cargoes from consignor’s premises to consignee’s premises.
Charge made for local hauling by dray or truck; road transportation between the nearest Ocean Port or Railway terminal and the stuffing/destuffing place.
Cargo that does not require temperature control.